CONGKLAK MODIFICATION TO IMPROVE FINE MOTOR SKILLS IN CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME

I Putu Darmawijaya, Febri Kristianawati, Indah Pramita

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This study aims to determine the effects of the Congklak modification on fine motor skills in children with Down Syndrome at Yayasan Mentari Fajar. The importance of this study stems from the developmental problems typically faced by children with Down Syndrome, one of which is the development of fine motor skills which results in a lack of ability to perform daily activities. Fine motor skills on the wrist and fingers need to be optimized so that children can perform activities independently and help prepare the child's skills, so that the quality of life of children with Down Syndrome will be further improved. Giving interventions with play therapy methods in the Congklak was used to optimize fine motor skills to form functional activities in children with Down Syndrome. The game of Congklak was modified using three sizes of seeds and different ways of playing. This study is a pre-experimental using pretest-posttest design with a sample of 11 children with Down Syndrome sampled by purposive sampling method. The Congklak modified was given for four weeks and conducted at the Mentari Fajar Foundation. Sollermann Test was used to measure tghe fine motor skills. Calculation of data normality test using Shapiro-Wilk test results obtained p > 0.05 and the data is said to be normal. Hypothesis testing using paired sample t-test results obtained p = 0.001 (p < 0.05). Based on the findings, the study concludes that there is an increase in fine motor skills in children with Down Syndrome upon treatment, with percentage increase of 20.28%. It can be concluded that the Congklak modification can improve fine motor skills in children with Down Syndrome.
Keyword: Fine Motor, Down Syndrome and Congklak Modification


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