SODIUM INTAKE IN HYPERTANSIVE PATIENTS IN RSUD dr. M. YUNUS BENGKULU

Ravi Masitah

Abstract


Hypertension is increased year by year and it is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Controlling of blood pressure in hypertensive patients can be done by limiting the consumption of sodium adjusted by the severity of salt retention or hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the amount of sodium intake in hypertensive patients. This study was quantitative research. The technic used purposive sampling technique with 33 patients. Retrieval of sodium intake data used recall 3 x 24 hours. Data analysis was done descriptively. The results showed 50% of subjects with low salt diet therapy I and II and 77,8% of subjects on low salt diet therapy III had consumed sodium based on the recommended limits. The results also showed that there were still 50% of subjects on low salt diet therapy I and II and 22,2% of subjects on low salt diet therapy III consumed sodium more than the recommended limit. The Changing of healthy eating by limiting sodium intake can help to control blood pressure in hypertensive patients.
Keywords: Sodium intake, blood pressure, hypertension


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