Meninjau Perilaku Terkait Bencana di Indonesia: Sebuah Kajian Literatur

Nyoman Trisna Aryanata, Ni Made Sintya Noviana Utami

Abstract


Abstrak. Riset-riset mengenai respon psikologis manusia Indonesia terhadap bencana makin jamak dijumpai, seiring dengan makin dikenalnya pemahaman tentang kesiagaan bencana. Beragam penelitian telah muncul untuk meninjau perilaku, baik dari segi dampak psikologis, kerangka khas respon terhadap bencana yang kontekstual dengan kultur, hingga bentuk intervensi dan prevensi yang sensitif konteks. Artikel ini hendak menyajikan tinjauan berbagai literatur riset perilaku manusia terkait dengan kebencanaan, mencakup tinjauan khas pada konteks berbagai wilayah di Indonesia, prevensi yang muncul dalam berbagai kajian, hingga pola paradigma teoritik yang cenderung digunakan.
Kata Kunci: psikologi bencana, bencana alam, kesiagaan bencana, korban bencana
Abstract. Research on the psychological response of Indonesian people to disasters has increasingly emerged, in line with the growing understanding of disaster preparedness. A variety of studies have emerged to review their behavior, from psychological impact, the typical framework for responding to disasters that are contextual with culture, to context-sensitive forms of intervention and prevention. This article would like to presents a review of various human behavior research literature related to disaster in Indonesia, covering a typical review on the context of various regions in Indonesia, interventions and interventions that appear in various studies, to the theoretical paradigm patterns that tend to be used.
Keywords: disaster psychology, natural disasters, disaster preparedness, disaster victims

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